Premature ovarian failure is also termed as primary ovarian insufficiency. This is characterized by a loss of normal ovarian functioning before attaining the age of 40. With ovaries failing, they don’t produce normal amounts of the hormone estrogen or release eggs regularly. And thus, infertility is a common result. Women with premature ovarian failure can have irregular or occasional periods for years and may not have a significant chance of becoming pregnant.
The symptoms associated with premature ovarian failure include:
- Irregular periods
- Difficulty to hold a pregnancy
- Hot flashes
- Night sweats
- Decreased libido
Premature ovarian failure results from the loss of eggs (oocytes) from the ovaries and this is a result of – possible defects in the chromosomes, exposure to toxins and chemicals, undergoing chemotherapy and radiation therapy, autoimmune conditions, and in some very rare cases the premature failure may be an idiopathic one (unknown cause).
The treatment options for premature ovarian failure depends on the symptomatic manifestation of the condition. The common course of treatment will include – estrogen therapy, supplements for mineral and vitamin deficiency, and infertility treatment. Lifestyle modifications are also recommended and these include – keeping weight in check, physical activity and sticking to a healthy diet.