Acute liver failure

Home / Acute liver failure


Acute liver failure is a rapid loss of liver function where the organ loses its ability to function over a short period of time. Liver failure majorly occurs in a healthy person who has no pre-existing liver illness. Hepatitis virus or overdose of drugs like acetaminophen are the prominent cause of liver failure. This condition needs immediate treatment as it results in profuse bleeding and liver damage, thereby increasing pressure in the brain. Acute liver failure treatment in India is extensively carried out with high success at MGM Healthcare.

Symptoms of Liver Failure

During acute liver failure, the person may experience:

  • Discomfort on their right side, below ribs
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea 

Symptoms to look out for: Bruises, bleeding, blood in the vomit, fluid buildup near the abdominal region, high anxiety

Causes of Acute Liver Failure

Although acute liver failure due to Hepatitis A, B & E infections is prominent in patients, other conditions can lead to acute liver failure. They are:

  • Overdose of drugs like Acetaminophen
  • Excessive consumption of paracetamol
  • Herbal supplements
  • Other viruses include Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex virus
  • Toxins
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Cancer
  • Heat stroke


Treatment for acute liver failure varies depending on the underlying cause. 

Medication to counteract infections is the most common treatment for acute liver failure. The cause of the liver failure — be it viral hepatitis, other infections, acetaminophen poisoning, fluid buildup in the brain resulting In liver failure — is first identified and then the appropriate medication is prescribed. 

In the event that the liver failure cannot be reversed with medication or has been unsuccessful, the immediate preferred treatment is a liver transplant.

Liver Transplantation for Liver Failure

A liver transplant is suggested for the patients when medication fails to effectively treat the liver damage. Due to abrupt injury of the liver in a short period of time, acute liver failure patients require immediate treatment. Unlike patients suffering from chronic liver disease who can survive and wait for weeks for a liver transplant, delaying liver transplant in acute liver failure patients can lead to fatal complications. Acute liver failure patients are given higher priority for liver donation due to the severity of the disease.

MGM Healthcare is one of the top hospitals for acute liver failure treatment in India. Our team has the best liver specialists in India for acute liver failure care and treatment. 


MGM Healthcare’s Institute of Liver Disease, Transplant and HPB Surgery is proud to have the best acute liver failure specialists in India.

Liver Transplant & HPB Surgeons

Dr Thiagarajan Srinivasan

Senior Consultant & Director

Know More

Dr Karthik Mathivanan

Senior Consultant & Associate Director

Know More

Dr Srikanth Thummala


Know More

Gastroenterologists & Hepatologists

Dr Ravi R

Senior Consultant & Academic Director

Know More

Dr Arulprakash S

Senior Consultant & Clinical Lead

Know More

Dr Tarun John George

Associate Consultant

Know More

Interventional Radiologists

Dr Prabhu Radhan

Senior Consultant & Clinical Coordinator

Know More

Dr Navin Gnanasekaran

Associate Director - Medical Services & Senior Consultant

Know More

Dr Ravindran R

Associate Consultant

Know More

Anaesthesiologists & Critical Care Specialists

Dr Dinesh Babu

Senior Consultant

Know More

Dr Nivash C


Know More

Dr Premkumar R


Know More

The Director of the Institute of Liver Diseases, Transplant & HPB Surgery, Dr Thiagarajan Srinivasan, is one of the best liver specialists in India for acute liver failure treatment. His team of well trained doctors are some of the top liver doctors in India. With an exceptional track record in liver transplant surgeries and treatment of liver diseases, the department aims at improving lives through outstanding healthcare and the latest treatments to improve outcomes.

At MGM Healthcare, comprehensive care and patient-centric treatment make it the top liver failure hospital in India.This state-of-the-art institute has more than 100 highly efficient professionals who work round the clock proficiently. The centre is the preferred destination for acute liver failure transplant surgery in India.